Here you can find any kind of online resource which underpins the topic gender digital divide and equality. Various reports and websites provide an excellent starting point for research on the topic and for more information on country specific needs, challenges and solutions.


What we know about the gender digital divide for girls: A literature review

UNICEF, 2021

This desk review summarises existing key data points, data sources and trends in adolescent girls’ access to and use of digital technology. It also highlights the gaps in the evidence base and points to where more research is needed.


The Global Gender Gap Report 2021

World Economic Forum, 2021

The Global Gender Gap Index benchmarks the evolution of gender-based gaps among four key dimensions (Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment) and tracks progress towards closing these gaps over time.


Towards an equal future: Reimagining girls’ education through STEM

UNICEF, 2021

This document seeks to call attention to the potential of STEM education to transform gender norms in the education system, to improve quality learning opportunities for girls, and to highlight key actions that can accelerate girls’ transition between education and technical expert jobs in STEM industries.


The Mobile Gender Gap Report 2021

GSMA, 2021

The Mobile Gender Gap Report 2021 highlights how the mobile gender gap continues to improve in South Asia, but less so in other regions. It explores the key barriers preventing women’s equal access to mobile internet as well as the rise of women’s smartphone ownership, notably in India.


Affordability Report 2020

Alliance 4 Affordable Internet, 2020

The Affordability Report is an annual report produced by the Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI). It represents an ongoing effort to understand why some countries have succeeded in making internet access more affordable, accessible and universal, and what others can do to catch up quickly. This year’s report examines the state of government policy to bring down broadband costs across 72 low- and middle-income countries.


Women’s Rights Online: Closing the digital gender gap for a more equal world

Web Foundation, 2020

This report provides a global snapshot of the state of digital gender inequality and finds that even where women are closing the gap on basic internet access, they face a multitude of additional barriers to using the internet and fully participating online. Based on focus groups, interviews and a survey of almost 10,000 women and men across four countries, the report examines these digital gender inequalities.


Meaningful Connectivity: A New Target to Raise the Bar for Internet Access

Alliance 4 Affordable Internet, 2020

Meaningful Connectivity is a framework to track the components of connectivity that matter most to users and help decision makers adopt the policies needed to connect people to an internet that is useful and empowering. This short paper reports the results of a series of research exercises, illustrates how the meaningful connectivity metric can be applied in practice, and suggests what kinds of targets policymakers can use to achieve meaningful, universal access.


PERCEPTIONS OF POWER: Championing Female Leadership in Tech

EQUALS, 2020

This document seeks to call attention to the potential of STEM education to transform gender norms in the education system, to improve quality learning opportunities for girls, and to highlight key actions that can accelerate girls’ transition between education and technical expert jobs in STEM industries.


#eSkills4Girls - An initiative to promote digital skills for women and girls

Review and Outlook 2020

This publication offers a review of #eSkills4Girls activities to date and presents ongoing projects. It looks at prospects for the future, addressing decision-makers in the fields of politics, the private sector and civil society, as well as interested members of the public.


10 Lessons Learnt: Closing the Gender Gap in Internet Access and Use Insights from the EQUALS Access Coalition

EQUALS Skills Coalition, 2019

This report provides insights to consider when implementing projects that aim to increase women’s access to and use of the internet. These include involving women in all aspects of the initiative, from design to delivery; ensuring initiatives are holistic in nature and take into account all barriers to access; and emphasising the need for basic digital skills.


I'd blush if I could: closing gender divides in digital skills through education

EQUALS Skills Coalition, 2019

The publication features recommendations on actions to overcome global gender gaps in digital skills, with a special examination of the impact of gender prejudice coded into some of the most prevalent artificial intelligence (AI) applications such as digital voice assistants.


Taking Stock: Data and Evidence on Gender Equality in Digital Access, Skills and Leadership

EQUALS Research Group, 2019

The report highlights the implications of persistent gaps across different facets of digital technologies. It also presents a compilation of case studies written by more than 25 leading experts and researchers that tell the story of how technology impacts women and girls in various contexts, including jobs and wages, security and privacy, cyber threats, and new technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI).


Women in the Digital Age

European Commission, 2018

This study aims to identify key factors and trends in the participation of women in ICT and its dynamics and analyses the practices enabling women's participation in the digital world. If existing biases are not addressed, rapid economic advances achieved by digital transformation will rather increase existing gender gaps instead of diminishing them.


Digital Jobs for Youth: Young Women in the Digital Economy

Solutions for Youth Employment (S4YE), 2018

The report provides operational recommendations for the design and implementation of gender-inclusive digital jobs interventions for youth and identifies design elements and strategies that are especially helpful in connecting young women to the digital economy.


Recommendations for action: Bridging the digital gender gap

GSMA, 2018

This document provides an overview of the importance of advancing digital inclusion for women. It describes some of the challenges and outlines recommendations for coordinated and effective action by the G20 to support women’s empowerment and equal participation in the digital future.


Women´s Digital Inclusion: Background Paper for the G20

The Internet Society, 2018

The paper outlines ways in which policy makers can facilitate the internet’s positive potential through an enabling framework for women’s digital inclusion. In its conclusions, the paper reaffirms that the internet has great potential to advance women’s equality and empowerment, but that will not be achieved without greater understanding, analysis and policy development which seeks to align digital development with gender equality.


Bridging the Digital Gender Divide: Include, Upskill, Innovate

OECD, 2018

The new OECD report says women are not currently empowered to take advantage of the opportunities offered by the digital transformation. The report calls for concrete actions including investments in broadband infrastructure, education and skills, and actions to tackle gender stereotypes and address social norms that lead to discrimination.


Recommendations for Action: Bridging the Gender Gap in Internet and Broadband Access and Use

Cover of the study Recommendations for Action
Broadband Commission Working Group on the Digital Gender Divide, 2017

The Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development’s Working Group on the Digital Gender Divide, co-chaired by the GSMA and UNESCO, released a report, which sets specific recommendations to address the barriers women face in order to access and use the Internet. The report highlights key action areas for different types of stakeholders as part of the group’s efforts to ensure that all women and girls can fully participate in the online world.


Women's Pathways to the Digital Sector: Stories of Opportunities and Challenges

German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), 2017

This report aims at understanding the role of ICT in realising women's rights, gender equality, and women's economic empowerment. Building on existing data and information from leading experts, including the GSMA, the ITU, the World Bank, and the Alliance for Affordable Internet, Panoply Digital collected real-life stories from 22 women who have navigated various obstacles to carve out a career for themselves in the digital sector.


#eSkills4Girls: How to integrate digital literacy in national education systems

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, 2017

The report addresses questions related to the integration of digital literacy in education systems with a special focus on girls and young women. Experts from academia, politics, private sector, non-governmental and international organisations
identify challenges, but also promising approaches and recommendations for further action.


Digging into Data on the Gender Digital Divide

World Wide Web Foundation

The article provides a wide range of data on the digital gender divide. It focuses specifically on the urban-rural divide as well as on age as a factor in the digital gender gap. Recommendations are given on how to ensure gender-responsive policies with regards to ICT.


Global Partnership for Gender Equality in the Digital Age


The website promotes gender equality in the digital age. It provides basic data on the digital gender gap and features testimonials of prominent supporters.


SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

UN Women

The article gives a general overview on the subgoals, which are to be achived under the umbrella of SDG number 5, by 2030.


The Gender Tool Box

Sida (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency), 2016

The Gender Toolbox gathers knowledge material and method support on gender equality in the form of tools, briefs and thematic overviews.